Spatiotemporal patterns of clinical bovine dermatophilosis in Zimbabwe 1995-2014
Ndhlovu, Daud N.
Chikerema, Sylvester M.
Pfukenyi, Davies M.
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A retrospective study of clinical bovine dermatophilosis outbreaks and cases for the period 1995-2014 was conducted, using data obtained from the Division of Veterinary Services (DVS). A total of 3856 outbreaks and 26 659 cases of dermatophilosis were reported countrywide during this period. The post rainy season accounted for 37.9% of the outbreaks followed by the rainy season (26.7%), cold dry season (22.1%) and the hot dry season (13.2%). A retrospective space-time scan statistic in SaTScan™ was used to detect clusters. From this study, it was evident that dermatophilosis was spreading from the north-west of Zimbabwe through the central to the north-east during the period 2010-2014. Five clusters were identified mainly in the central and north-western regions of Zimbabwe. The primary cluster was centred at Ungwe, Gokwe district in Midlands; the second, third, fourth and fifth likely clusters were centred at Bonga (Mashonaland Central), ARDA (Mashonaland West), Nsenga (Matabeleland North) and Zanda in Gokwe, respectively. The findings of this study suggest the continued spread of dermatophilosis across the country; as such the Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services are advised to develop measures aimed at managing this spread such as dipping, quarantine, movement control and raising farmer awareness.
Additional Citation InformationNdhlovu, F., Ndhlovu, D.N., Chikerema, S.M., Masocha, M., Nyagura, M. & Pfukenyi, D.M., 2017, ‘Spatiotemporal patterns of clinical bovine dermatophilosis in Zimbabwe 1995–2014’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 84(1), a1386. https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr. v84i1.1386