Diverse interests amongst multiple actors in REDD+ initiatives: challenges and opportunities for sustainable forest management in Kariba REDD+.
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Deforestation is a major contributor to climate change largely because people are cutting down forests for agricultural expansion, food, fuel and pastures and these forests act as carbon sinks. Tackling deforestation is of paramount importance and, as such, international protocols and agreements are in place particularly in the forestry sector. Some of the protocols and agreements include Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM), increased biofuel use, and most recently reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). REDD is not only about reducing forest degradation, but it also concerns conservation, sustainable forest management and development of carbon stocks in forests. Zimbabwe is also engaged in multi stakeholder experiments to mitigate climate change effects with the Kariba REDD+ project being the most recent initiative. The aim of the study was to develop understanding on the significance of stakeholder interests in REDD+. The study also examined the impact that REDD has on local livelihoods and sustainable management of forests. Data collection was done using key informant interviews and secondary sources to identify actors, interests and meanings towards the project. Observations were also done in the study area to identify livelihoods and REDD+ project plots. The study findings revealed that actors in REDD are multiple with interests ranging from conservation, receiving funds, inputs to generating profits. The study also showed that although there are claims of improving livelihoods, local people continue to suffer with no improved gains. Meanings attached to REDD+ are evidently adverse and these are irreconcilable, bringing actors on a collision path. The study concluded that REDD is a threat to local communities because of land tenure revisions and limits to livelihoods.
Additional Citation InformationKapfumvuti, J. (2014). Diverse interests amongst multiple actors in REDD+ initiatives: challenges and opportunities for sustainable forest management in Kariba REDD+. [Unpublished masters thesis]. University of Zimbabwe, Harare.
University of Zimbabwe