Effect of treating Schistosoma haematobium infection on Plasmodium falciparum-specific antibody responses
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The overlapping geographical and socio-economic distribution of malaria and helminth infection has led to several studies investigating the immunological and pathological interactions of these parasites. This study focuses on the effect of treating schistosome infections on natural human immune responses directed against plasmodia merozoite surface proteins MSP-1 (DPKMWR, MSP119), and MSP-2 (CH150 and Dd2) which are potential vaccine candidates as well as crude malaria (schizont) and schistosome (whole worm homogenate) proteins. IgG1 and IgG3 antibody responses directed against Schistosoma haematobium crude adult worm antigen (WWH) and Plasmodium falciparum antigens (merozoite surface proteins 1/2 and schizont extract), were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 117 Zimbabweans (6–18 years old) exposed to S. haematobium and P. falciparum infection. These responses were measured before and after anti-helminth treatment with praziquantel to determine the effects of treatment on anti-plasmodial/schistosome responses. There were no significant associations between antibody responses (IgG1/IgG3) directed against P. falciparum and schistosomes before treatment. Six weeks after schistosome treatment there were significant changes in levels of IgG1 directed against schistosome crude antigens, plasmodia crude antigens, MSP-119, MSP-2 (Dd2), and in IgG3 directed against MSP-119. However, only changes in anti-schistosome IgG1 were attributable to the anti-helminth treatment. There was no association between anti-P. falciparum and S. haematobium antibody responses in this population and anti-helminth treatment affected only anti-schistosome responses and not responses against plasmodia crude antigens or MSP-1 and -2 vaccine candidates.
Additional Citation InformationReilly, L., Magkrioti, C., Mduluza, T., Cavanagh, D. R. and Mutapi, F. (2008). Effect of treating Schistosoma haematobium infection on Plasmodium falciparum-specific antibody responses. BMC Infectious Diseases, 8 (158). DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-8-158.
SponsorMedical Research Council, UK, The Wellcome Trust, UK, and the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, MRC, UK (Grant no G81/538).