|dc.contributor.author||Makoni, Gumisai Aaron||
|dc.identifier.citation||Makoni, G. A. (2015). The impact of mining activities on local people and environment: A case study of Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation operations in Chiadzwa, Marange. (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Zimbabwe.||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||Mining is indispensable to the economic development of countries endowed with mineral
resources. At the same time the effects the mining activities on the local people and the
environment have also been wide spread in these economies. While the contributions of
mining in Zimbabwe is adequately appreciated, the impact of mining activities has also
received its fair share of criticism especially from the general public.
The research investigates the impact of ZMDC mining activities on the people of Chiadzwa
as well as the environment. The research adopted a case study model that covered the entire
Chiadzwa community. Seven villages and two ZMDC companies were covered for data
required for the study. A total of seventy respondents were contacted for relevant data
through questionnaire administration. The researcher also carried out field observations in
order to verify and supplement the data collected from questionnaires.
The research encountered some challenges. Among the constraints faced included the
perceived sensitiveness given to diamond data and information. Data collection problems
included bias and reluctance to complete questionnaires. The research supplemented data
collection through use of field observations which also worked as a way to mitigate data
The research revealed that mining activities negatively impact the environment as well as
the social footprint of the Chiadzwa people.
Environment effects emanating from the mining activities include land degradation and
pollution. Vast tracks of land which were original meant for farming have now been cleared
and made bare as part of the mining process thereby affecting food production in the area.
Pollution on the other hand affected mainly the water bodies in the area with Save river
being the worst polluted.
Mining activities were also found to be a source of social discontent in the Chiadzwa
community. Some of the problems included appropriation of land belonging to the local
people which severely affected food security within the community. Mining have also
impacted negatively on health, altered social relations, created unemployment as well as
promoting social ills that included prostitution and crime.
The ZMDC companies have reacted to the noted effects of their mining activities on the
local people and the environment. Their initiatives included reforestation, providing
alternative sources of water, employing people from the local community as well as
relocating some of the affected people. The initiatives were however considered
unsatisfactory, ineffective and inadequate especially given the benefits these companies are
deriving from diamond mining.
In view of the above, it has been recommended that ZMDC companies should engage the
community on issues affecting them in order to come up with more effective ways of
solving the problems being caused by mining activities. It is also recommended that
companies should honour various promises made to the community that acted as licences to
mine. Companies should also ensure that all affected people are relocated to designated
areas as well as ensuring that the community benefits from their infrastructure for example
|dc.title||The impact of mining activities on local people and environment: A case study of Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation operations in Chiadzwa, Marange||en_US
|thesis.degree.advisor||Chidakwa, Arnold Mandizvidza||
|thesis.degree.discipline||Graduate School of Management||en_US
|thesis.degree.faculty||Faculty of Commerce||en_US
|thesis.degree.grantor||University of Zimbabwe||en_US
|thesis.degree.name||Master of Business Administration||en_US