An assessment of the sustainability of the food security, protracted relief programe implemented by Non Governmental Organisations in Zimbabwe: A a case of Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (2005 - 2009)
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The study focused on the assessment of the sustainability or persistence of positive effects of the Protracted Relief Programme (PRP) implemented by the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society over the period January, 2005 and December, 2009. The overall objective was to assess the sustainability of the PRP implemented by NGOs in Zimbabwe after external funding ended, focusing on the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society over the period January, 2005 and December, 2009. Using the case of Chivi district, the study adopted a qualitative approach to explore the factors that have an impact on the continuity / sustainability of projects in the context of rural Zimbabwe. A sample of 108 was selected from a target population of 197.The main data collection instrument used was the questionnaire administered to beneficiaries of the programme and key informants and interview guides to focus groups and two managers. To this effect the study argues that stakeholder consultation, beneficiary identification, beneficiary training and frequent monitoring are critical factors in determining the continuity of any project in the context of rural communities. The study recommended that for projects to be successful and continuous there is need for a mixed beneficiary selection process, on-going training, needs assessments, capacity building at managerial level and a sound exit strategy has to be in place. Further studies are required on the impact of management on project implementation.