An investigation into the challenges affecting the potential of artisanal and small-scale gold miners to contribute more in the extraction of minerals: The case of small-scale mining in Kadoma, Zimbabwe (2009 - 2012)
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This research focused on the challenges facing small-scale miners in the extraction of minerals in Zimbabwe. The research focused on the mining area of Kadoma. The principal objectives of the research was to unravel the challenges that small scale miners face in their mining business as well as identify the role that small-scale mining has played in improving the well being of people. The major motivation of undertaking the research was to proffer solutions to challenges facing small-scale miners. The survey method was used to gather data for the research. Two questionnaires were used, one to small-scale miners and the other to small-scale miners’ representatives. A sample of 90 respondents was drawn for small-scale miners. The research findings show that small-scale mining has great potential to contribute to economic development. Small-scale miners in Zimbabwe, however, face a myriad of challenges. These include gold marketing challenges, lack of mechanised equipment and finance, perceived lack of recognition and consultation, high fees and charges, absence of a clear mining policy that promotes small scale mining and centralisation of mining services. The research conclusion are that, although small-scale miners face many challenges, they have the potential to contribute more to the economic growth of the country, based on the sector‘s growth in the last three years. Small miners forecast to increase their production by more than fourfold by the year 2020. The research summed up by recommending government to provide equipment and financial support at concessionary rates, charge optimal mining fees, establish an authority that is responsible for the marketing of minerals produced by small scale miners, intensify awareness education on the long-term effects of using mercury in processing gold , develop a mining policy that promotes small scale mining, decentralise mining services to mining areas, as well as involving small scale miners organisations in policy formulation.