Prevalence and the correlates of postnatal depression in an urban high density suburb of Harare
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Introduction: Postnatal depression is a common cause of morbidity but is rarely diagnosed or adequately managed in busy primary care settings in most resource limited countries like Zimbabwe. Objectives: This study sought to determine the prevalence of postnatal depression and establish factors associated with postnatal depression. Methods: The study utilized a cross-sectional descriptive design where 295 consenting women (mean age=25.4 years; SD= 5.6 years) attending post natal care services at Mbare Polyclinic were recruited. Data were collected using the validated Shona version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire. Associations between variables were computed using the chi-square test statistic and where appropriate the Fisher's exact statistic. Results: Prevalence for postnatal depression was 34.2% among women in the study. Univariate analysis revealed that there were no statistically significant associations between mother's age (p=0.120), parity (p=0.396), marital status (p=0.523), level of education (p=0.805), and age of child (p=0.489) and postnatal depression. Conclusion: Findings from this study indicate that there is a high prevalence of postnatal depression in women in Mbare, Zimbabwe. This therefore calls for further studies to identify and address the causes of postnatal depression among women attending postnatal care in Zimbabwe.
Additional Citation InformationJanuary, J., Chivanhu, H., Chiwara, J., Denga, T. , Dera., Chikwasha., V. and Chikwanha, T.M. (2015). Prevalence and the correlates of postnatal depression in an urban high density suburb of Harare. Central African Journal of Medicine, 61 (1/4),1-4.
University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences