Relapsing Fever in Africa
The relapsing fevers, broadly classified into the louse-borne and tick-borne varieties, are characterised clinically by an initial pyrexia of 2-4 days’ duration, followed at intervals of a few days by successive relapses, and caused by spirochaetes (Horrelia) which are present in the circulating blood in the acute stages of the illness. Classification and nomenclature are not yet well-defined in the spirochaetes which are morphologically indistinguishable but biologically separable. The spirochaete is specifically referred to as Borrelia recurrentis (or B. obcr- meiri) in the louse-borne form. In the tick- borne form a variety of names has been given to the responsible spirochaetes, largely indicating the geographical region of occurrence or the worker who identified them, thus, Borrelia duttoni is the spirochaete of Central and Southern Africa, and B. venezuele.nsis, B. aegyptica, B. berbera, B. kochii, B. tiovyi. are names of the spirochaetes found elsewhere.
Full Text LinksOrdman, D. (1957) Relapsing Fever in Africa. Central African Journal of Medicine (CAJM), vol. 3, no. 9, (pp. 347- 357). UZ (formerly University College Rhodesia), Harare (formerly Salisbury) : Faculty of Medicine (UCR)
Faculty of Medicine, Central African Journal of Medicine (CAJM), University College of Rhodesia (now University of Zimbabwe)
University of Zimbabwe (UZ) (formerly University College of Rhodesia)