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Evaluation of the feed resources and analysis of body condition scores of local pigs in a semi-arid smallholder farming area of Zimbabwe

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dc.contributor.author Chikwanha, Obert Chenjerayi
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-11T07:37:57Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-11T07:37:57Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10646/776
dc.description.abstract The objectives of this study were to characterise the types, seasonal distribution, and nutritive value of feed resources and growth performance of local pigs in Chinyuni ward,Chirumanzu district. Pig herd sizes were (mean ± sd) 3.3 ± 2.73, with 90% of pigs being scavengers. Consumption of pigs accounted for 98 %, sales (91%), manure production (98%) and social functions (11%) of the production objectives. The major feed resources were brewers’ dried grain (BDG) (36%), kitchen waste (34 %), watermelons (27 %), Commelina benghalensis (30 %) and Richardia brasiliensis (16 %). Commelina benghalensis had the highest CP concentration of 234.4 g/kg; R. brasiliensis had 134.7 g/kg of CP while BDG had a better amino acid profile. There were differences (P < 0.05) in the body condition scores of pigs and between months for each sex. Females had an average BCS (mean ± sd) of 2.5 ± 0.86, whilst that for males was 3.1 ± 0.80. The major constraints to pig production were inadequate feed (99 %), lack of technical assistance (69 %), and shortage of building materials (40 %). The results indicate that pig production plays an important role in giving rural people access to food; however, productivity of pigs in Chirumanzu was low. en_ZW
dc.language.iso en_ZW en_ZW
dc.subject pig production en_ZW
dc.subject consumption en_ZW
dc.subject feed resources en_ZW
dc.subject growth performance en_ZW
dc.subject nutritive value en_ZW
dc.subject seasonal distribution en_ZW
dc.subject Chirumanzu district en_ZW
dc.subject Zimbabwe en_ZW
dc.title Evaluation of the feed resources and analysis of body condition scores of local pigs in a semi-arid smallholder farming area of Zimbabwe en_ZW
thesis.degree.advisor Halimani, T.E.
thesis.degree.advisor Bhebhe, E. (Dr.)
thesis.degree.advisor Chimonyo, M. (Prof.)
thesis.degree.country Zimbabwe en_ZW
thesis.degree.discipline Animal Science en_ZW
thesis.degree.faculty Faculty of Agriculture en_ZW
thesis.degree.grantor University of Zimbabwe en_ZW
thesis.degree.grantoremail specialcol@uzlib.uz.ac.zw
thesis.degree.level MSc en_ZW
thesis.degree.name Master of Science in Animal Science en_ZW
thesis.degree.thesistype Thesis en_ZW
dc.date.defense 2006-06-30


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