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Saying 'No' Without Saying 'No': Indirectness and Politeness in Shona Refusals

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dc.contributor.author Mashiri, Pedzisai
dc.date.accessioned 2006-07-26T12:52:04Z
dc.date.available 2006-07-26T12:52:04Z
dc.date.issued 2002
dc.identifier.citation Mashiri, Pedzisai.'' Saying 'No' Without Saying 'No': Indirectness and Politeness in Shona Refusals.'' Zambezia 29.2 (2002): pp. 2-33. en
dc.identifier.issn 0379-0622
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10646/467
dc.description.abstract Indirect communication patterns are often a means to save the interlocutor’s face: avoiding open refusals is a clear example of that. The Shona of Zimbabwe, like other African peoples, sometimes avoid direct responses to favour-expressing speech acts in view of the dangers such responses pose to the participants’ ‘face’ as well as to social and interpersonal harmony. The reluctance to say ‘no’ may take a number of forms. This article focuses on the way Shona speakers communicate refusals through indirect communication styles. Indirect styles refer to strategies that camouflage and conceal speakers’ true intentions in terms of their wants, needs, goals and attitudes in the discourse situation. The investigation has two aims. First, this is an exploration of the strategies and the relationship of the strategies and two factors: the type of favourexpressing speech acts, which include requests and invitations; and the closeness, social status, age, and gender of the interlocutors. Secondly, this is an analysis of the role of positive politeness in determining the interlocutors’ preference for indirectness. We use an Afrocentric version of Brown and Levinson’s (1987) politeness theory to explicate the motivation for preferring indirect strategies. Data are collected using the Discourse Completion Test (DCT), follow-up interviews, group discussions and observation. The questionnaires were answered by thirty adult male and female Shona speakers drawn from randomly selected University of Zimbabwe undergraduate students and employees. en
dc.format.extent 193605 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University of Zimbabwe Publications en
dc.subject communication en
dc.subject Shona en
dc.subject indirect communication en
dc.title Saying 'No' Without Saying 'No': Indirectness and Politeness in Shona Refusals en
dc.type Article en


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