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Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe

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dc.contributor.author Bhandi, Solomon
dc.contributor.author Pfukenyi, Davies M.
dc.contributor.author Matope, Gift
dc.contributor.author Murondoti, Absolom
dc.contributor.author Tivapasi, Musavengana
dc.contributor.author Ndengu, Masimba
dc.contributor.author Scacchia, Massimo
dc.contributor.author Bonfini, Barbara
dc.contributor.author de Garine-Wichatitsky, Miche
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-30T13:45:32Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-30T13:45:32Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08
dc.identifier.citation How to cite this article: Bhandi, S., Pfukenyi, D.M., Matope, G., Murondoti, A., Tivapasi, M., Ndengu, M., et al., 2019, ‘Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 86 (1), a1670. https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v86i1.1670 en_US
dc.identifier.issn (Online) 2219-0635
dc.identifier.issn (Print) 0030-2465
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10646/3854
dc.description.abstract In Zimbabwe, there have been no chlamydiosis and limited brucellosis studies in goats. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of the two diseases in goats at three different livestock–wildlife interface areas: porous, non-porous and non-interface in the south-eastern lowveld of Zimbabwe. Collected sera (n = 563) were tested for Brucella antibodies using the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and the complement fixation test (CFT); and for Chlamydia abortus antibodies using the CFT. All tested goats were negative for Brucella antibodies. Overall, chlamydial seroprevalence was 22%. The porous [c2 = 9.6, odds ratio (OR) = 2.6, p = 0.002] and non-porous (c2 = 37.5, OR = 5.8, p < 0.00001) interfaces were approximately three and six times more likely to be chlamydial seropositive than the noninterface area, respectively. Chlamydial seroprevalence was not associated with sex (c2 = 0.5, OR = 1.2, p = 0.5), abortion history in female goats (c2 = 0.7, OR = 1.3, p = 0.4), keeping goats with cattle (c2 = 0.2, OR = 1.5, p = 0.7) or flock size (c2 = 0.03, OR = 1.4, p = 0.9). Our study provides the first serological evidence of chlamydiosis in goats in Zimbabwe and the results suggest that proximity to wildlife is associated with increased chlamydial seropositivity. Further studies are required to determine the role of chlamydial infection on goat reproductive failure and that of wildlife on C. abortus transmission to domestic ruminants. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The European Union through the EU-DREAM project. en_US
dc.language.iso en_ZW en_US
dc.publisher OASIS Publishing en_US
dc.subject brucellosis en_US
dc.subject chlamydiosis en_US
dc.subject goats en_US
dc.subject livestock-wildlife interfaces en_US
dc.subject Zimbabwe en_US
dc.title Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.contributor.authoremail dmpfukenyi@vet.uz.ac.zw en_US


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