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Serological survey of Brucella canis in dogs in urban Harare and selected rural communities in Zimbabwe.

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dc.contributor.author Chinyoka, Simbarashe
dc.contributor.author Dhliwayo, Solomon
dc.contributor.author Marabini, Lisa
dc.contributor.author Dutlow, Keith
dc.contributor.author Matope, Gift
dc.contributor.author Pfukenyi, Davies M.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-30T13:38:21Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-30T13:38:21Z
dc.date.issued 2014-04
dc.identifier.citation Chinyoka, S., Dhliwayo, S., Marabini, L., Dutlow, K., Matope, G., & Pfukenyi, D. M. (2014). Serological survey of Brucella canis in dogs in urban Harare and selected rural communities in Zimbabwe. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 85(1), Art.#1087, 5 pages. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10646/3853
dc.description.abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted in order to detect antibodies for Brucella canis (B. canis) in dogs from urban Harare and five selected rural communities in Zimbabwe. Sera from randomly selected dogs were tested for antibodies to B. canis using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overall, 17.6% of sera samples tested (57/324, 95% CI: 13.5–21.7) were positive for B. canis antibodies. For rural dogs, seroprevalence varied from 11.7% – 37.9%. Rural dogs recorded a higher seroprevalence (20.7%, 95% CI: 15.0–26.4) compared with Harare urban dogs (12.7%, 95% CI: 6.9–18.5) but the difference was not significant (p = 0.07). Female dogs from both sectors had a higher seroprevalence compared with males, but the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). Five and two of the positive rural dogs had titres of 1:800 and 1:1600, respectively, whilst none of the positive urban dogs had a titre above 1:400. This study showed that brucellosis was present and could be considered a risk to dogs from the studied areas. Further studies are recommended in order to give insight into the epidemiology of brucellosis in dogs and its possible zoonotic consequences in Zimbabwe. Screening for other Brucella spp. (Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis) other than B. canis is also recommended. en_US
dc.language.iso en_ZW en_US
dc.publisher Journal of the South African Veterinary Association en_US
dc.subject Brucella canis en_US
dc.subject Antibodies en_US
dc.subject Immunosorbent assay en_US
dc.title Serological survey of Brucella canis in dogs in urban Harare and selected rural communities in Zimbabwe. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.contributor.authoremail dmpfukenyi@vet.uz.ac.zw en_US


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